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BloggfŠrslur mßna­arins, ßg˙st 2009

Icelanders are angry but will make sacrifices

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áGrein Jˇh÷nnu.

By Jˇhanna Sigur­ardˇttir

Published: August 13 2009 18:53 | Last updated: August 13 2009 18:53

In its efforts to conclude negotiations over compensation for foreign savers in failed banks, Iceland has been accused of a tendency to imagine a British or Dutch conspiracy behind any bad news.

Iceland has no such tendency. It is battling the effects of severe banking and currency crises and a recession that is affecting our part of the world as much as any other. My government, which took over in February and gained a majority in general elections in May, has to deal with the aftermath of the fall of nearly all of Icelandĺs privatised banking sector.

We plan a 30 per cent contraction in government finances over the next three years, with extensive cuts to infrastructure spending and wages ľ a heavy burden for our population of 300,000. We have, in co-operation with the International Monetary Fund, formulated an economic strategy that is being fully adhered to. Indeed, we have already reached agreements on a recapitalisation of the banking sector, a stability pact with social partners and a strategy for lifting current account restrictions. In that vein, the authorities have sought an agreement with the foreign creditors of the failed banks with the aim of them taking control of two of the reborn banks. We have also finalised loan agreements with several countries as part of the IMF programme and Icelandĺs parliament has authorised it to seek membership of the European Union.

Icelanders, who do not feel responsible for the global banking crisis, are willing to make sacrifices to secure normal relations and trade with the world. But they are angry at having to take on the burden of compensation for the Icesave savings accounts of Landsbanki ľ a failed, privately owned, commercial bank, which attracted hundreds of thousands of UK and Dutch savers with high interest rates. The amount to be shouldered by Iceland is huge ľ about 50 per cent of our gross domestic product. Assets against this debt will substantially lower the net amount, but there is much uncertainty about the valuations and forecasts underpinning such calculations.

Last October, when Iceland was in deep crisis, UK authorities froze the assets of Landsbanki, and placed the bank (and for a while Icelandĺs government) alongside terrorist organisations on the official UK Treasury list of entities subject to asset freezing. Kaupthing Bank, which had just been granted a government loan amounting to 5 per cent of GDP, then collapsed after its subsidiary in London was seized by the Financial Services Authority. Despite a critical report in April by the House of Commons Treasury Select Committee, no satisfactory explanations have been given for the UKĺs actions.

The EU deposit insurance directive that places this burden upon us is seen by some as aimed at the failure of individual banks rather than a systemic collapse, as was the case in Iceland. A strong argument has been made for Iceland being the coincidental victim of defects in this directive, which have been ignored.

Icelanders are striving to fulfil their obligations but cannot, and should not, ignore the lessons to be learnt from this crisis regarding potential flaws in banking regulation and deposit insurance schemes affecting the EU and European Economic Area.

The FT has reported how the Dutch opposed the IMF lending to Iceland in order to enforce their demands on Icesave, claiming the UK and Germany as allies. The perception is that Treasury officials in the UK and the Netherlands used their bargaining power against a much weaker party when the Icesave deal, now being debated in the Icelandic parliament, was struck.

This has made it difficult for Icelandĺs government to convince the parliament and Icelanders that an agreement on Icesave accounts with the UK and the Netherlands is un-avoidable. Parliament is looking into ways to attach conditions to the state guarantee to ensure the economic survival and sovereignty of Iceland. Here we need to stress the mutual interest of all three nations in Icelandĺs capacity to fulfil its debt obligation.

Iceland will not be deterred from resolving issues that stand in the way of economic reconstruction at home and confidence-building abroad. It is to be hoped that the people of large countries such as the UK and the Netherlands are aware of the lasting impact their governments can have on small countries such as ours at a time of great distress.


The writer is prime minister of Iceland

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MŠtum ÷ll ß samst÷­ufund ALLIR ┴ AUSTURVÍLL KL. 5 ═ DAG

á" OFT VAR ŮÍRF, N┌ ER NAUđSYN "

╔g hvet ■vÝ alla sem lßta sig ■etta stˇra mßl sig var­a og Šttu allir a­ gera ■a­, a­ mŠta ß Austurv÷ll. á MikilvŠgt er a­ sřna fulltr˙um erlendra fj÷lmi­la og ÷­rum rÝkjum Ý al■jˇ­asamfÚlaginu a­ ═slendingar standa saman

RŠ­umenn ß fundinum ver­a ElÝnbj÷rg Magn˙sdˇttir fiskverkakona, Einar Mßr Gu­mundsson rith÷fundur, AndrÚs Magn˙sson lŠknir og Jˇhannes Sk˙lason frß InDefence-hˇpnum.

Bo­i­ ver­ur upp ß tˇnlistarflutning ß sta­num. Ůar eru ß fer­ KK, Jˇnas ١rir, sem spilar ß pÝanˇ, Egill Ëlafsson og fleiri.

Egill Ëlafsson ver­ur fundarstjˇri.

Engin ■÷rf er ß pottum og sleifum.

Facebook sÝ­a Barna ═slands.

Vi­ hvetjum al■ingi til ■ess a­ sam■ykkja ekki rÝkisßbyrg­ mi­a­ vi­ n˙verandi Icesave samninga. Vi­ erum ekki tilb˙in a­ lßta framtÝ­ barna ═slands a­ ve­i.

Facebook sÝ­a InDefence.

Sřnum ■ingm÷nnum okkar, fulltr˙um erlendra fj÷lmi­la og ÷­rum rÝkjum Ý al■jˇ­asamfÚlaginu a­ ═slendingar standa saman. Vi­ viljum sanngjarnan Icesave samning sem ■jˇ­in getur sta­i­ vi­.

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Nokkur hundru­ manns hafa sta­fest komu sÝna hjß ■essum tveim hˇpum Ý gegnum facebook samskiptasÝ­una.á

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Spillingarflokkarnir VG og Samfylkingarinnar.

Hafa en og aftur gengi­ ß baki kosningarlofor­ sÝnum.

GegnsŠjan stjˇrnsřsla ßtti a­ koma a­ en n˙ hafa ■eir komi­ a­ pˇlitÝskum tindßtum sÝnum a­ ßn tilskilda hŠfileika og menntunar e­a fŠrni hva­ ■ß reynslu til a­ vinna a­ hag ■jˇ­arinnar sem ■eir miki­ h÷f­u uppi, n˙ hentar ■a­ ekki lengur enda ■eir komnir Ý stjˇrn n˙ ■urfa ■essi flokka­ gŠta hags lands og ■jˇ­ar hva­ vakir fyrir ■eim ■egar vali­ er svona hagur ═slands nei.

Eftir kosningar Ý stjˇrn Se­labankans kemur hi­ rÚtt mynd fram grÝmunni er kasta­ og hi­ sanna e­li VG og Samfylkingarinnar kemur en og aftur betur Ý ljˇs.

Ůarna mß lÝta ß gjaldkera hjß Vg, kennara og sagnfrŠ­ing kannski telja ■eir a­ Se­labankann ver­i betur stjˇrna me­ ■essu hˇp vi­ stjˇrn.


Samst÷­ufundur ß Austurvelli Ý dag frß kl. 17:00 - 18:00

á

╔g hvet ■vÝ alla sem lßta sig ■etta stˇra mßl sig var­a og Šttu allir a­ gera ■a­, a­ mŠta ß Austurv÷ll. á MikilvŠgt er a­ sřna fulltr˙um erlendra fj÷lmi­la og ÷­rum rÝkjum Ý al■jˇ­asamfÚlaginu a­ ═slendingar standa saman.

RŠ­umenn ß fundinum ver­a ElÝnbj÷rg Magn˙sdˇttir fiskverkakona, Einar Mßr Gu­mundsson rith÷fundur, AndrÚs Magn˙sson lŠknir og Jˇhannes Sk˙lason frß InDefence-hˇpnum.

Bo­i­ ver­ur upp ß tˇnlistarflutning ß sta­num. Ůar eru ß fer­ KK, Jˇnas ١rir, sem spilar ß pÝanˇ, Egill Ëlafsson og fleiri.

Egill Ëlafsson ver­ur fundarstjˇri.

Engin ■÷rf er ß pottum og sleifum.

Facebook sÝ­a Barna ═slands.

Vi­ hvetjum al■ingi til ■ess a­ sam■ykkja ekki rÝkisßbyrg­ mi­a­ vi­ n˙verandi Icesave samninga. Vi­ erum ekki tilb˙in a­ lßta framtÝ­ barna ═slands a­ ve­i.

Facebook sÝ­a InDefence.

Sřnum ■ingm÷nnum okkar, fulltr˙um erlendra fj÷lmi­la og ÷­rum rÝkjum Ý al■jˇ­asamfÚlaginu a­ ═slendingar standa saman. Vi­ viljum sanngjarnan Icesave samning sem ■jˇ­in getur sta­i­ vi­.

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Nokkur hundru­ manns hafa sta­fest komu sÝna hjß ■essum tveim hˇpum Ý gegnum facebook samskiptasÝ­una.á

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Lagaprˇfessor telur lÝklegt a­ Kau■ing vilji l÷gbann ß sukki­ of ■řfi­.

Sigur­ur LÝndal, lagaprˇfessor, telur lÝklegt a­ fallist ver­i ß l÷gbannskr÷fu Kaup■ings, ■ˇ hann ■ori ekki a­ fullyr­a um ■a­. Kaup■ing hefur fari­ fram ß l÷gbann til a­ st÷­va birtingu upplřsinga ˙r glŠrum um skuldunauta bankans.

Hann segist togast ß Ý mßlinu mismunandi hagsmunir; bankaleynd annarsvegar og upplřsingafrelsi og almannahagur hinsvegar.

L÷gbann er brß­abirg­aa­ger­ sem sřsluma­ur tekur ßkv÷r­un um og myndi, a­ mati Sigur­ar, nß til allra fj÷lmi­la ß landinu. L÷gbanni­ stendur Ý viku, en ■ß ■arf a­ h÷f­a sta­festingarmßl fyrir dˇmstˇlum sem skera ˙r um l÷gmŠti birtingar upplřsinganna.

Ůar til l÷gbanni­ tekur gildi er ekkert sem hindrar fj÷lmi­la og a­ra Ý a­ mi­la upplřsingum upp ˙r yfirlitsglŠrunum, anna­ en ■au vi­url÷g sem ■eir eiga hugsanlega von ß.

Ver­i l÷gbann sam■ykkt sÚ hinsvegar hŠgt a­ kalla til l÷greglu til a­ framfylgja ■vÝ og hugsanlega veita sektir.

Sß. Visir Ý dagá http://www.visir.is/article/20090801/FRETTIR01/840500624/-1


Eva Joly fordŠmir Breta og Hollendinga Ý Icesave.

Eva Joly, sem m.a. er rß­gjafi sÚrstaks saksˇknara vegna bankahrunsins, gagnrřnir fj÷lda rÝkja og a­■jˇ­astofnanir fyrir a­ rß­ast me­ ofrÝki gegn ═slendingum Ý Icesave deilunni.á H˙n segir sum rÝki, Evrˇpusambandi­ og Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­inn ßbyrg­arlaus Ý afst÷­u sinni og a­ ═slendingar muni aldrei geta­ greitt ■Šr skuldir sem ■essi rÝki leggi ß ■jˇ­ina. Ůannig muni AGS og ESB ôvinna sannkalla­ afrek: draga land ■ar sem ■jˇ­artekjur ß hvern Ýb˙a hafa veri­ me­ ■eim hŠstu Ý heimi ni­ur ß stig ■eirra allra fßtŠkustu.ô

Ůetta segir Eva Joly Ýá har­or­ri grein sem birt er samtÝmis Ý Morgunbla­inu, norska dagbla­inu Aftenposten, breska dagbla­inu Daily Telegraph og franska stˇrbla­inu Le Monde um helgina.

═sland mun hvorki geta greitt AGS nÚ Bretlandi e­a Hollandi

äŮegar til kastanna kemur ver­ur hvorki hŠgt a­ endurgrei­a Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­num nÚ Bretlandi nÚ Hollandi. Lega ═slands er herna­arlega mikilvŠg og landi­ rÝkt af nßtt˙ruau­lindum. Ef svo fer sem horfir mun aldurssamsetning Ýb˙anna breytast og ungt, mennta­ fˇlk flytja ˙r landi. Ůeir sem eftir ver­a munu eiga meira undir ■eim sem hŠst bř­ur. Engum dylst aukinn ßhugi R˙ssa ß svŠ­inu,ô skrifar Eva Joly.

┴byrg­arlaus afsta­a AGS og ESB

Joly fer h÷r­um or­um um vi­semjendur ═slendinga Ý Icesave-deilunni og a­komu Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­sins a­ mßlinu, sem var­i hagsmuni langt utan Ýslensku strandlengjunnar.

ä┴byrg­arlaus afsta­a sumra rÝkja, Evrˇpusambandsins og Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­sins gagnvart hruni Ýslenska efnahagskerfisins sřnir a­ ■au eru ˇfŠr um a­ draga lŠrdˇm af hruni ■ess samfÚlags sem ═sland var holdgervingur fyrir ľ ■.e. samfÚlags ˇhefts marka­sfrelsis, einkum frjßlsra fjßrmßlamarka­a sem ■essir s÷mu a­ilar tˇku ■ßtt Ý a­ mˇta.ô

Nor­url÷ndin breg­ast ═slandi

H˙n sendir Nor­url÷ndunum tˇninn og segir ■au äafreka ■a­ n˙ helst a­ breg­ast ekkert vi­ ■eirri k˙gun sem ═sland er beittô, nokku­ sem dragi ˙r tr˙ manna ß raunverulegan vilja ■eirra til a­ veita ═slandi stu­ning.

Barroso me­ hugan vi­ eigin hagsmuni

Joly skřtur f÷stum skotum a­ JosÚ Manuel Barroso, forseta framkvŠmdastjˇrnar Evrˇpusambandsins, og sakar hann um a­ hafa haft hugann vi­ eigin kosningabarßttu Ý haust ■egar hann kaus a­ styggja ekki helstu stu­ningsmenn sÝna, Breta, ■egar framkvŠmdastjˇrnin hafi teki­ skřra afst÷­u me­ Bretlandi Ý mßlinu strax Ý nˇvember.

äEf Evrˇpa og Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­urinn sn˙a ekki vi­ bla­inu kann a­ vera a­ ■au vinni sannkalla­ afrek: dragi land ■ar sem ■jˇ­artekjur ß hvern Ýb˙a hafa veri­ me­ ■eim hŠstu Ý heimi ni­ur ß stig ■eirra allra fßtŠkustu.ô

Ůß segir h˙n m.a. or­rÚtt:

ôStrauss-Kahn, forstjˇri Al■jˇ­agjaldeyrissjˇ­sins, missti hÚr af gullnu tŠkifŠri til ■ess a­ lßta loks verkin tala.ö

ôŮa­ voru Hollendingar og Bretar sem ßkvß­u einhli­a a­ upphŠ­ innistŠ­utryggingarinnar Štti a­ vera ekki a­eins 20 ■˙sund evrur fyrir hvern reikning, rÚtt eins og kve­i­ var ß um Ý evrˇpskum og Ýslenskum l÷gum ľ nokku­ sem ■egar var ˇgerlegt fyrir Ýslensku rÝkisstjˇrnina a­ standa vi­ [...] heldur a­ upphŠ­ 50.000 til 100.000 evrur, jafnvel hŠrri.ö

ôŮa­ hversu mj÷g Brown hefur beitt sÚr gegn ■essu smßrÝki er ■vÝ ekki hŠgt a­ skřra ß annan hßtt en ■ann a­ hann hefur vilja­ ganga Ý augu eigin kjˇsenda og skattgrei­enda, fˇlks sem a­ s÷nnu var­ fyrir miklu fjßrhagstjˇni og rÚtt er a­ halda til haga.ö


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